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«Heghaphoxakanneri oligarxacman erkatya orenqy». Stephan Danielyan
18:05, 27.02.2020

Politekonomia hetazotakan instituty nerkayacnum e qaghaqaget Stephan Danielyani hodvacy

Hayastanum «heghaphoxutyan» himnakan tezy «Serzhik heracir»-n er, vori bun imasty, ete phordzenq ayn aveli haskanali kerpov sharadrel, hetevyaln e․ «Vat mardkanc heracnum enq, vorpeszi ishxanutyan gan lav: azniv mardik»։ Sa kamayakan meknabanutyun che։ Ete ushadir hetevenq irencqaylakan patgamavorneri eluytnerin, apa ayd mitqn, ays kam ayn phatetavormamb, parberabar hnchum e։ Ayl, aveli heghaphoxakan tesaket, apaga aneliqneri imastov, yst eutyan chi hnchel, ete hashvi charnenq vetingy, ancumayin ardaradatutyuny ev ayl tapalvac naxadzernutyunnery։

Phordzenq haskanal: ardyoq «lavy» kam «vaty», «aznivn» u «anaznivy» qaghaqakan kategorianer en ev ardyoq nman gaghaphari vra hnaravor e erkaratev qaghaqakanutyun karucel։

«Heghaphoxutyan» myus tezn ayn e, vor irenq nerkayacnum en zhoghovrdin ev i dems irenc: zhoghovurdy ekel e ishxanutyan։ Ayd tezi vra e karucvac naev aprilin nshanakvac hanraqvei npataky, aysinqn, i dems irenc: zhoghovurdy ekel e ishxanutyan ev hima zhoghovrdin e petq handznel Sahmanadrakan datarany: hakazhoghovrdakan uzheri verjin bastiony։

Patmutyan yntacqum nman tezeri vra hretorabanutyun karucac bazmativ «zhoghovrdi» ishxanutyunner en eghel։ Ayd erevuytn e usumnasirel «elitaneri tesutyan» vra mec azdecutyun unecac Robert Mixelsy։

Inchu Mixelsy hrazharvec ir socialistakan hayacqneric

Haykakan noratux «heghaphoxakannery» haytni pattcharnerov hrazharvelov gaghapharaxosutyunneric: « izmeric» (qani vor dzax socialistneri gaghapharaxosutyunnery zhamanakakic ashxarhum hargi chen), irakanum henc nmanatip tezerov en handes galis․ «zhoghovrdi ishxanutyun», «payqar zhoghovrdi aryuny ccoghneri dem», «zhoghovrdin veradardznel talanacy», «mer erazanqi Sahmanadrakan dataran» ev ayln։ Bnakan e, hstak gaghapharaxosutyan bacakayutyan paragayum miayn nman yndhanur fraznerov e kareli hanrutyany nerkayanal, sakayn da che ays hodvaci xndiry։

Germanaci sociolog Robert Mixelsy (1876-19362tt․) skzbnakan shrjanum socialistakan gaghapharnerov er tarvac, sakayn, hetagayum, socialistneri het xzum e kapery ev 1911-in grum ir hrchakavor «Qaghaqakan kusakcutyan sociologian: zhamanakakic demokratiayi paymannerum» ashxatutyuny, vortegh araj e qashum «oligarxiayi erkatya orenqy», yst vori: zangvacneri, aysinqn «zhoghovrdi ishxanutyun» unenaly, texnikakan pattcharnerov, hnaravor che ev ardyunqum cankacac rezhim veracvum e qcheri ishxanutyan: oligarxiayi։ Xosqy kusakcakan oligarxiayin e veraberum։

Mixelsy ayd ezrakacutyann e hangel usumnasirelov evropakan kusakcutyunneri zargacman ev phoxakerpumneri yntacqy։ Nuyn ezrakacutyann e kareli hangel hetevelov irencqaylakan aktivistneri phoxakerpumnerin, sakayn sharunakenq hetevel Mixelsi mtqeri yntacqin։

Yst nra, zangvacy erbeq el i vitchaki che karavarel, sakayn, cankacac anhat, ete uni hamapatasxan unakutyunner, karogh e ver bardzranal ev darnal arajnord։ Angam amenaapadasakargayin mardkanc xumby, ete aydpisin ka bnutyan mej, elitayi kariq uni։ Mixelsy hamozvac er, vor mardkutyan mecamasnutyuny erbeq unak chi eghel u chi el lini inqnakaravarvel, ev cankacac paragayum arajanum e mi voreve kazmakerputyun, vory, tekuz zhoghovrdi anunic, ir vra e vercnum ishxogh dasi derakatarumy։ Yst nra, ishxogh dasy hamashxarhayin patmutyan yntacqum misht gerishxogh dirq e zbaghecnelu, ete angam zhoghovrdi ajakcutyamb e ishxanutyan ekel: heghaphoxutyan mijocov ev hanun zhoghovrdi։

Mixelsi karciqov demokratian misht veracvum e oligarxiayi, ev da cankacac «zhoghovrdakan heghaphoxutyan», «socialakan heghashrjman» bnakanon ardyunqn e։

Mixelsi «oligarxiayi erkatya orenqy»

Mixelsi oligarxiayi erkatya orenqi evolyuciayi yntacqn e․

1․ ghekavarutyan dzevavorum,

2․ profesional ghekavarutyan dzevavorum,

3․ byurokratiayi dzevavorum,

4․ ishxanutyan kentronacum,

5․ haytararvac npatakneri phoxarinumy yntacik xndirnerov,

6․ gaghapharaxosutyan amrapndum,

7․ arajnordneri ev zhoghovrdi shaheri taranjatman vihi mecacum,

8․ voroshumneri yndunman gorcum ishxogh kusakcutyan andamneri deri nvazecum,

9․ ynddimutyan liderneri nergravumy gorcogh oligarxiayi sharqer (ete hayeren targmanenq: hatchaxordneri instituti dzevavorum),

10․ ishxogh kusakcutyan dzgtumy tirel bolor yntroghneri dzaynerin։

Mixelsi orenqy mec azdecutyun e unecel zhamanakakic sociologiayi vra ev zhamanaki yntacqum apacucel e ir iravaciutyuny։

«Serzh Sargsyani hamakargn» ancel er ayd bolor phulerov ev ardyunqum hasel ir tramabanakan avartin: phluzvel e, hima herty nor ishxogh elitayinn e, vory phordzum e krknel nuyn tchanaparhy։ Sahmanadrakan datarani hanraqven very nshvac 4-rd qayli shat karevor baghkacucich masn e։

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