Mamul.am
Amboghjakan tarberak
USD 477.46, EUR 526.02, RUB 7.42, GBP 613.63
+9 °C, +2 °C ... +12 °C Vaghy:+12 °C
Hay / Հայ | Рус | Eng | Tür
«Fosfor» tarri anvan cagumn u fosfori bacahaytman hetaqrqrakan patmutyuny
16:16, 15.10.2019

Yndunvac e fosfori bacahaytman taretivy hamarel 1669 tvakany, bayc kan mi qani vkayutyunner ayn masin, vor ayn avel vagh zhamanaknerum el haytni e eghel: Orinak: germanaci grogh ev patmaban Edmund Hoyfery (1819 – 1882 tt.) teghekacrel e, vor Pharizi azgayin gradaranum pahvogh alqimiakan mi dzeragrum asvum e ayn masin, vor derevs 12-rd darum vomn Alhid Beqil mezy kavov torelis stacel e mi nyut, vorn anvanel e «eskarbukl»:

Guceev ayd nyuty henc fosforn e eghel, vorn alqimikosnery xist gaghtni en pahel: Hamenayn deps haytni e, vor philisophayakan qary phntrelu yntacqum alqimikosnery torel en voch miayn mezy, aylev kghanqy, voskracucy ev bazum ayl nyuter:

Hnuc i ver «fosfor» anunn en tvel ayn bolor nyuterin, voronq mtutyan mej lusardzakel en: 17-rd darum haytni er «bolonyan fosfor» -y: Bolonia qaghaqi merdzakayqum haytnabervac hanqaqary: Acuxi vra trcveluc heto ayd qary lusardzakman hatkutyun e dzerq berel:

Nkaragrvel e naev «Bolduini fosfor» -y, vory 17-rd dari keserin stacel e saqsonaci mi pashtonya: Bolduin anvamb: Trcvac kavtchi vra azotattu lcnelov: na stacel e odum bocavarvogh nyut: Bolduiny nkatel e, vor ayn mtutyan mej lusardzakum e:

Nmanatip nyuteri lusardzakumy mardkanc shat e zarmacrel u hrashq e hamarvel: Hamburgci snankacac vatcharakan Hening Brandty (kam Branty) sksum e alqimiayov zbaghvel, vorpeszi dra ognutyamb noric harstana: Entadrelov, te kensabanakan nyutery karogh en philisophayakan qari «naxaskzbnakan nyut» -y parunakel: na 1669 t.-in dzernamux e linum mardu mezic ayd philisophayakan qarn stanalu phordzerin: hamozvac linelov, vor voskeguyn erang unecogh mezy parunakum e ayn nyuty, vori mijocov inqy kkaroghana bolor metaghnery vosku veracel:

Na zoranocneric shurj mek tonna mez e havaqum, nax mi qani or spasum e, vor dra thatch hotn ancni, aynuhetev ayn aynqan e ephum, minchev vor osharaki tandzrutyan zangvac e goyanum: Ayd heghuky na noric e ephum aynqan, minchev vor pghpjakner en arajanum: Na aknkalum e, te pghpjakneri xtacman ardyunqum voski kgoyana, bayc goyanum e karmir guyni «mizayugh»: Ays yughy nuynpes na noric torum e: Toranoti hatakin mnum e momanman mi nyut: Bayc erb na ayd nyuty erkar zhamanak trcum e krakin, nkatum e, vor toranotum spitak phoshi e goyanum, vory dandagh nstum e anoti hatakin u lusardzakum e: Brandty dran «phosphorus mirabilis» (latineren «hrashaphar lusakir») anunn e talis: Brandti ays haytnagorcutyunn antik zhamanakneric i ver nor tarri arajin bacahaytumn er:

Brandty voroshum e, vor iren hajoghvel e ir stacac meryal zangvacic naxaskizb krak artacel u el aveli mec vogevorutyamb sharunakum e phordzery: Inch xosq, nran chi hajoghvum ayd kraky vosku veracel, bayc na ir haytnagorcutyuny: «fosfor» tarri (hunaren «fos»: «luys», ev «foros»: «krogh» bareric, aysinqn: «lusakir») haytnagorcutyuny gaghtni e pahum (hunakan dicabanutyunum Fosfor kam Eosfor anunn e krel andznavorvac Aravotyan astghi kam Venera moloraki pahapany, isk hin Hromum Lyucifery nuynacvel e Fosforin): Bayc ev aynpes Brandi gaghtniqi masin imanum e Saqsoniayi kurfyursti arquniqum vorpes alqimikos ev gaghtni xorhrdakan carayogh vomn Kunkel: Ays Kunkely Hamburg meknogh ir carayakic Kraftin xndrum e Brandtic teghekutyunner korzel fosfori masin, bayc Krafty voroshum e Brandti gaghtniqn ir ogtin carayecnel: Na 200 taler gumarov Brandtic gnum e gaghtniqy ev, patrastelov bavarar qanakutyan fosfor, sksum e Evropayov mek tchanaparhordel: bardzrastitchan andzanc hajoghutyamb cucadrelov fosfori lusardzakumy: Masnavorapes, Angliayum na fosfory cucadrum e Karl 2-rd tagavorin u irlandaci fizikos, qimikos u astvacaban Robert Boylin: Ayd yntacqum Kuneklin hajoghvum e Brandti haytnaberac eghanakin shat mot eghanakov inqnuruyn fosfor stanal ev, i tarberutyun Brandti, na amen tegh govazdum e fosfory: chbacahaytelov, sakayn, dra patrastman gaghtniqy: Fosfory errord angam haytnaberum e verohishyal Boyly, 1680-in, vory, inchpes Kukely, hraparakum e fosfori hatkutyunneri masin tvyaner, bayc ayn stanalu eghanaki masin phak crarov haytnum e miayn Londoni tagavorakan gitakan ynkerutyany: Ayd haghordumy hraparakvum e 12 tari anc miayn, Boyli mahvanic heto:

Fosfory Brandtin u Boylin chharstacrec, bayc harstacrec Kraftin u Kunkelin: Ays nyuti ardyunaberakan artadrutyany zark e tvel Boyli asistent Henkvicy: 50 tari sharunak na sigaranman spitak dzoghiknerum amphophvac fosfor e vatcharel: Orinak: Holandiayum mek uncia (31, 1 gram) fosforn ayn zhamanak arzhecel e 16 dukat:

Fosfori bnuyti masin amenafantastik entadrutyunnern en arvel: 18-rd darum fosfori usumnasirutyamb shat gitnakanner en zbaghvel, isk germanaci qimikos Andreas Marggrafy katarelagorcel e mezic fosfori stacman eghanaky: fosgeniti, avazi ev acuxi kirarmamb (1743 t.):

1777 tvakanin shved qimikos-deghaban Karl Vilhelm Sheelen bacahaytum e fosfori arkayutyuny kendanineri voskornerum u eghjyurnerum: krin miaxarnvac fosforattvi tesqov: Tepet vorosh usumnasiroghner ays bacahaytman heghinak en hamarum mek ayl shved qimikosi: Yohan Gotlib Ganin, bayc henc Sheelen e mshakel voskorneric fosfor stanalu eghanaky:

Fosfory tarr e tchanachel fransiaci qimikos, ayrman ttvacnayin tesutyan himnadir Antuan Lavuazien: ttvacnum fosforn ayrelu phordzeri himan vra: Parz marminneri aghyusakum Lavuazien fosfory teghadrel e voch metaghakan parz marminneri erkrord xmbum: 19-rd daric sksac fosfory layn kirarutyun e stanum vorpes hoghy parartacnogh agh:

Nkarum: fosfory bacahaytac alqimikosy:

Mamuli xosnak: Hamlet Meliqyan
Teghekacnum enq, vor nyuty hraparakvel e "Mamuli xosnak" naxagci shrjanaknerum:
Teghekacreq Dzer mterimnerin
| |
Hamlet Meliqyan
23:30, 02.11.2019
23:23, 01.11.2019
23:15, 31.10.2019
21:17, 25.10.2019
depi ver