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«Linel Arevmutqi het, te Rusastani. da sin harc e». Vazgen Manukyan
12:12, 07.12.2022 | mamul.am
1924 | 2

HH naxkin varchapet Vazgen Manukyany feysbuqyan ir ejum grel e. «Anhaghtahareli cankutyun

Amboghj hamashxarhayin patmutyuny azgeri, erkrneri, petutyunneri miavorumneri, ynkerutyunneri (kronakan, gaghapharakan kam mek ayl skzbunqov miavorvac) payqar e, vory kareli e bnutagrel hetevyal banadzevov:

- tiranal ev steghcel hnaravorins shat harstutyun, resursner u azdecutyun,

- pashtpanel unecacy,

- aynpes bashxel timi andamneri (petutyan, zhoghovrdi, miavorumneri ev ayln) mijev, vor lini hnaravorins ardar: apahovelov hamakargi kayunutyuny, miazhamanak chxangarelov ev npastelov zargacman ardyunavetutyany։

(Harstutyan havasar bashxumy berum e ltchacman u hetyntaci):

Nuynisk ete arajanum en nor gaghapharner, voronq shrjum en mardkutyan patmutyuny, gaghapharner: hanun vori mardik gnum en barikadneri, ush te shut ayd payqary noric veratchum e nuyn banadzevin։

Sary paterazmi avartic heto, tvum er, te sksvum e mi nor «oske darashrjan», vortegh voch te arden ayd payqary nshanakutyun uni, ayl hamamardkayin arzheqnern u gaghapharnery։ Tvum er, te nvazelu en hakamartutyunnery petutyunneri mijev, steghcvelu e hamashxarhayin ardar, azat mi nor hanrutyun: barekecik u erjanik mardkancov u petutyunnerov։ Bayc verjin tasnamyaknerum menq tesnum enq, vor mardkutyan hamashxarhayin patmutyan ayd banadzevy: unenal, pashtpanel ev bashxel, sharunakum e ashxatel:

Es ays tesankyunic em uzum nayel Arcaxi harcin․ mi koghm dnelov, vor da mer patmakan hoghn e, mi koghm dnelov mer azgayin zgacmunqnery, ayn, vor ayntegh hayer en aprum ev ayln, Arcaxy ditarkenq vorpes harstutyun, vorpes resurs։ Ays tesaketic dzhvar e hashvel Arcaxi giny, bayc hashvi arnelov hanqery (miayn verjers Berdzorum haytnabervec hanq, vortegh, yst vorosh hashvarkneri, ka mot 50 miliard dolari vosku pashar), hashvi arnelov qaghcraham jri pasharnery, vorn aysor ashxarhum hamarvum e apaga serundneri amenamec deficitneric meky, hashvi arnelov Arcaxi berri hoghery, vorov Arcaxy voch miayn iren, aylev Hayastanin er apahovum snndi vorosh pasharov, hashvi arnelov amboghj ashxarhum snndi hamar payqary: kareli e hashvel, vor Arcaxy minchev 2020t․ eghac sahmannerov arnvazn 200-250 miliard dolari arzheq uner։ Da nshanakum e, vor Arcaxi (ori mi masn ayzhm mery che) korusty Arcaxi u Hayastani yuraqanchyur andzi hamar knshanaki 100 hazar dolari korust։

Ete veronshyal banadzevov (unenal shat resursner, pashtpanel ev ardyunavet bashxel) xndrin nayenq, apa Arcaxy mec harstutyun e։

Inch veraberum e pashtpanvacutyany, apa menq ayd xndiry liarzheq chenq karoghanum lucel (chandradarnanq paterazmi u partutyan pattcharnerin, ayd masin shat e xosvel)։

Errord harcy: harstutyan steghcum ev ardyunavet bashxum, Hayastani amenamec problemn e ankaxutyunic i ver։ Ayd bashxumn anardar e ev anhavasarachaph, inchy paymanavorvac e voch aynqan ardyunavetutyan gorconov, ayl himnakanum: ishxanutyunneri hovanavorchutyamb, masnakcutyamb ev vomanc xochyndotelov, inchy kar i skzbane u sharunakvum e minch ors։

Ev da berec nran, inchin vor berec։

Vorn e Arevmutqi harstacman ev hzoracman gaghtniqy

Harc e arajanum: mite Arevmutqi nerka apshecucich harstutyunn u kyanqi bardzr voraky paymanavorvac en ayn banadzevov, vory es nsheci։ Vorovhetev tvum e, te Arevmutqi harstutyuny dzevavorvum e irenc nerqin kyanqi tchisht kazmakerpman mijocov, gitutyan, krtutyan, texnikayi, texnologianeri zargacman mijocov, vorov nranq anhamemat araj en ynkel ashxarhi myus erkrneric, chnayac arden vorosh erkrner karoghanum en ayd texnologianerov hasnel nranc։

Inchic sksvec Arevmutqi harstutyunn u azdecutyuny, vory gorcum e arden shurj 500 tari։ Minch ayd, haryuramyakneri yntacqum, arevmutqn aghqat ev bavakanin angraget mi hasarakutyun er, moracvac ein Hin Hunastani steghcac gitakan, mshakutayin arzheqnery, moracvac er amen inch։

Arevmutqi zargacman karevor naxadryal dardzan Xachakrac arshavanqnery։ Ayn zhamanak harstutyuny, naev gitutyuny himnakanum kentronacac ein arabakan, mahmedakan erkrnerum, Chinastanum։ Gitutyuny voch miayn steghcum e harstutyun, gitutyuny naev ardyunq e ayn hasarakutyan, vorn arden harstacac e ev karoghanum e resursner u zhamanak caxsel gitutyan zargacman hamar։ Xachakrac arshavanqnery berecin nor giteliqner, nor gitutyun, nor resursner։

Arevmutqi zargacman karevor ej dardzav Amerikayi haytnaberumy Kolumbosi komic, erb teghi qaghaqakrtutyunnery vochnchacnelov: ayd hskayakan harstutyuny teghaphoxecin Evropa։

Erb Mec Britanian gravec Hndkastany, sksvec gaghutatirutyuny, vory mec dzhbaxtutyunner berec shat zhoghovurdneri, bayc Britaniayum apahovec mecaharustneri mi nor sherti dzevavorumy։

Chinastany, amboghj Asian, Afrikan Arevmutqi gaghutatirutyan tak ein։ Ev aghqat arevmtyan hasarakutyunn sksec harstanal, sksecin zarganal mshakuyty, gitutyuny, krtutyuny, texnologianery, karucvec mi nor ashxarh, vortegh bnakan resursnery shat ezhan ein ev ayd petutyunnerin zarganalu hnaravorutyun ein talis։

Arevmutqum sksvec arden nor phul, erb ayd hskayakan harstutyuny kutakvel er mi xumb mardkanc dzerqum, dzevavorvel er mecaharustneri mi nor shert, sakayn petutyunneri nerqin kyanqi karucvacqy, harstutyan bashxman anardyunavetutyuny cher xtanum hetaga zargacumn u nor arzheqneri steghcumy։ Ev teghi unecan heghaphoxutyunner։ Lucvum er harstutyan ardar ev ardyunavet bashxman xndiry։

Ayd heghaphoxutyunneri mijocov Evropan karoghacav karucel naev demokratakan hasarakarg, vorn arden lavaguyn dzevov karoghanum er apahovel petutyan hetaga zargacumy ev aynpes bashxel resursnery, vor dzhgohutyun charajacner zhoghovrdi mej ev hamapatasxaner resursneri ardyunavet ogtagorcman ev bashxman skzbunqnerin։

Steghcvec finansakan, bnakan resursneri mi hamashxarhayin hamakarg, vory hnaravorutyun e talis myus zhoghovurdneri hashvin apahovel irenc zhoghovurdneri barekecutyuny։

Karoghanalov zavtel hskayakan harstutyunner: Arevmutqn ayd harstutyan vra karucec hasarakutyun, vory krknapatkec, tasnapatkec ayd harstutyunn arden ir steghcagorcakan ashxatanqov։ Nranq karoghacan pashtpanel irenc unecvacqy: steghcelov ashxarhi amenahzor banaknery։

Aydpisov, nshvac banadzevy: tirel, pashtpanel ev bashxel, lavaguyns irakanacrec Arevmutqy, ev henc dranov e paymanavorvac nra zargacumn u hzorutyuny minch ors։

Inch vastakecin ayd zhamanakashrjanum hayery

Hay zhoghovrdi patmutyuny himnakanum nerkayacnum en vorpes petutyan patmutyun։ Ayd 500 tarva yntacqum hayery petutyun chunein, bayc hay zhoghovrdi ayd zhamanakashrjani patmutyuny shat arzheqavor e։ Ayn zhamanak, erb Anglian uzum er nvatchel Hndkastany, angliacinery gnahatecin, vor Hndkastani harstutyan, arevtri, azdecutyan mi zgali masy gtnvum e hayeri dzerqum, usti aranc hayeri ozhandakutyan chein karogh nvatchel Hndkastany։

Hay vatcharakannerin Hndkastanum ev nra shrjaka erkrnerum trvecin Angliayi qaghaqacu bolor artonutyunnern u iravunqnery։

Isk Angliayum parlamenty voroshum yndunec, vor angliakan banakum hayern iravunq unen carayelu naev vorpes spa։ Minch ayd miayn angliacinery spa linelu iravunq unein։

Hndkastany nvatcheluc heto angliacinern sksecin durs mghel hayerin tntesakan asparezic, ev Hndkastanum teghi unecav haytni Bengalyan apstambutyunn angliacineri dem, vori ghekavary hay er, apstambutyany masnakcum er 11 zoramiavorum, voroncic mekn amboghjutyamb kazmvac er hayeric։

Erb holandaci arevtrakannern arajin angam votq drecin Chinastan, irenc karavarutyann ughghvac zekuycnerum haytnum ein, vor Chinastani arevtri mi zgali masy hayeri dzerqum e, hayery mazery hyusum en chinacineri pes, shat mec kshir unen Chinastanum, ev petq e hayeri het lezu gtnel, vorpeszi irenq el karoghanan der unenal ayntegh։

Ayd zhamanakashrjanum menq unecel enq hay vatcharakanneri navatorm, naveric amen mekn arandzin ynkerutyunneri, anhatneri er patkanum, bayc ir yndhanur qanakov aveli mec er, qan angliakan voghj navatormy։

Filipinnerum hay vatcharakanneri elumuty, i tarberutyun ayl otarazgineri, azat e eghel: xraxusvelov teghakan ishxanutyunneri koghmic։ Vorosh volortnerum arevtri menashnorhn ayntegh hayeri dzerqum er։

Menq dizel enq hskayakan harstutyunner, arzheqner masnavor, anhatakan tiruytum, mec derakatarum enq unecel ayzhmyan qaghaqakrtutyan mej, masnavorapes: mshakuyti, zinvorakanutyan, gitutyan, heghaphoxutyunneri, Reformaciayi mej։

Ayn, vor menq unecel enq aydpisi ardyunqneri hasnelu hnaravorutyunner, cuyc e talis mer zhoghovrdi shnorhqy։ Azgeri masin ir hodvacum Kanty grum e, vor hayery mi yurahatuk shnorhq unen ev Evropayi mi cayric minchev Asiayi myus cayry karoghanum en arevtur anel, zbaghvel tntesutyamb: vayelelov bolor zhoghovurdneri harganqn u sery։

Ayd ameni het mektegh menq chuneinq petutyun ev chkaroghacanq pashtpanel mer hskayakan harstutyuny։ Menq voch miayn korcrecinq ayd ameny, aylev kamac-kamac mez ditavoryal moracutyan ein talis patmutyunic։ Bolor petutyunnern el shahagrgrvac ein irenc veragrel ayn ameny, inch steghcel ein hayery։ Patmutyuny grum en haghtoghnery։

Tchisht e, menq korcrecinq ayd bolor harstutyunnery, bayc ayd zhamanakashrjany shat mec nshanakutyun unecav hay zhoghovrdi hamar։ Petutyuny korcnelov: hayery karoghacan steghcel hamashxarhayin canc ev shphvelov tarber azgeri het, ashxatelov tarber bnagavarnerum: dzerq berecin nor vorakner։ Ev cancayin karucvacqi u nor vorakneri ayd dzerqberumnery shat mec nshanakutyun unen aysorva zhamanakashrjanum ev mez lracucich aravelutyunner en talis։

Ayd voraknery gumarvecin mer zhoghovrdi ayn voraknerin u arzheqnerin, voronq karogh enq tesnel: nayelov ayd 500 taruc aveli het, ayn zhamanaknery, erb haykakan petutyuny payqarum er Hromi dem ev ir gaghapharakan, kronakan zargacumn aprum Erusaghemum։

Inch xndir enq menq ayzhm dnum mer arjev

1988t․ XSHM-um gtvogh Haykakan hanrapetutyan zargacumov, Sphyurqi hzoracumov, ashxarhum teghi unecogh procesnerov mez hamar steghcvel er amenabarenpast vitchaky, vory chenq unecel haryuramyakneri yntacqum:

Ayd zhamanak xndir drvec․

- Arcaxy: mer patmakan ayn bekory, vory bnakecvac e mer hayrenakicnerov, veramiavorel Hayastanin, steghcel azgayin arzheqneri vra himnvac zhamanakakic ankax petutyun: apahovelov mer qaghaqacineri azatutyunnery, pashtpanvacutyuny, orinakan tchanaparhov barekecik kyanq karucelu hnaravorutyuny։

- Veramiavorel Sphyurqy: unenalov voch miayn petutyun, ayl naev hamashxarhayin tim, karuyc ev ayl zhoghovurdneri u petutyunneri het mrcakcutyan, hamagorcakcutyan mijocov darnal azdecik, bargavatchogh ev hargvac mi azg, mtnel arden haytni hamashxarhayin mec xaghi mej։

Vorosh baner stacvecin, vorosh harcerum dzaxoghvecinq։ Ev ayd dzaxoghumneri, anhajoghutyunneri meghavorn urishnery chen, ayl miayn ev miayn menq։

Ayzhm unecanq cavali partutyun ev krum enq ayd partutyan hetevanqnery։

Ays taracqum phoqr xndir dnel ev goyatevel anhnarin e։ Mec xndiry: hamashxarhayin azg darnaly, pahanjum e mec larvacutyun, bayc naev apahovum e mec ardyunqner, voronc ptughnery petq e hasaneli linen mer voghj zhoghovrdin։ Miayn ayd depqum e hnaravor darnum goyatevumn u zargacumy։

Phoqr npatakneri dzgtelov: voch mi bani chenq hasni։ Mec npatakneri dzgtelov: phoqr harcern inqnaberabar klucven։ Sa e xndiry։

Hetevabar menq petq e karoghananq krkin mer mej uzh gtnel, votqi kangnel ev, ogtvelov ayn hnaravorutyunneric, voronq goyutyun unen aysor nuynisk mer partutyunic heto: kapvac ashxarhum teghi unecogh nor iroghutyunneri het: chijecnelov ayn nshadzoghy, vor drel enq mer arjev 1988-in, gnal araj։ Miayn ayd tchanaparhov menq karogh enq apahovel naev yuraqanchyuris andznakan dzgtumy: hasnelu hajoghutyan u erjankutyan։

Hazaramyakneri yntacqum menq apacucel enq, vor mec shnorh u dzirq unecogh zhoghovurd enq ev partavor enq gnal ayd tchanaparhov: voch miayn apahovelu mer ev apaga serundneri arzhanapativ u azat kyanqy, ayl menq patasxanatu enq naev mardkutyan arjev։ Es hamozvac em: tchisht e ayn mitqy, vor mardkutyan zargacumy teghi e unenum azgeri, petutyunneri mrcakcutyan mijocov, ev yuraqanchyur azg uni ir araqelutyuny։ Ev ete inqn ir araqelutyuny chi katarum, apa dranov vnas e berum voch miayn iren, aylev: voghj mardkutyany։

Isk inchpes e hnaravor lucel ayn mec xndirnery, voronq dnum enq mer arjev։

Naxevaraj da hnaravor e ayn depqum, erb mec xndir lucelu ayd gaghapharov varakvi mer zhoghovurdy, lini gitakcum, vor da miak tchanaparhn e ev da e apahovelu boloris hpartutyuny, barekecutyunn u anvtangutyuny։

Ayd depqum menq pahanjater klinenq arden voch te ayl erkrneri nkatmamb, ayl inqners mer nkatmamb, mer hasarakutyan nkatmamb, petakan institutneri, petutyan ghekavarneri nkatmamb։

Ayd depqum menq misht el vorpes petutyan ghekavar kgtnenq ayn mardkanc, voronq karogh en mez tanel ayd tchanaparhov, azniv, hayreniqn u zhoghovrdin sirogh, ayd gaghapharin nvirac xelaci mardkanc։ Ayd depqum klini naev miasnakan hasarakakan pahanj, ev menq kkaroghananq heshtutyamb phoxel ayn ishxanutyany, vory chi hamapatasxanum ayd chaphanishnerin ev verjapes durs kganq ayn vnasaber banadzevic, vory dzevavorvec mer ankaxutyan steghcman grete skzbic: «ov uzum e ga, miayn te sranq gnan»։

Inch veraberum e ays tchanaparhi arajin qaylerin, apa da arandzin qnnarkman ararka e։ Bayc nshem, vor ayzhm mez petq che voreve phastatghtov sahmanaphakel mer hnaravorutyunnery: lini da paymanagir Adrbejani, Turqiayi, te mek ayl erkri het։ Petq e aragoren karoghanal ardiakanacnel ev noric martunak dardznel mer banaky, aroghjacnel hasarakutyuny, petakan institutnery ev hatkapes krtakan hamakargy։

Inch veraberum e harcin: linel Arevmutqi het, te Rusastani, apa da sin harc e, vorovhetev menq petq e linenq bolori het: amen angam hashvi arnelov, te um het hamagorcakcelov karogh enq lucel mer harcery։ Ayd erkrnery, ayd orientacianery zhamanaki het misht el kphoxven (mi zhamanak ayd erkrnern ein Asorestany, Hin Hromy, Byuzandian ev ayln)։ Menq petq e linenq mez het: chvanelov voch mi petutyun ev karoghanalov hamagorcakcel bolori het։

Hetaga qaylern arden kteladren hangamanqnery, ete menq ansheghoren hetapndenq mer arjev drvac xndirnern u npataknery։

Hay zhoghovurdy mardkutyan zargacman arzheqavor derakatarneric e։ Petq e krkin standznel ayd dery»։

Aghbyury: Vazgen Manukyan
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